What is Jute?


The stem bast called jute has only two species that are cultivated for commercial purposes; “white jute” and “tossa jute”.  Various qualities are used in trade that differs particularly in the properties of color, fineness, strength, density, root proportion and tendering.  Both types are sorted into a total of eight categories in India, “tossa jute” (TD1 to TD8) and “white jute” (W1 to W8).  The classification of fiber still takes place using sensory methods and are subjective.  For this reason, an international comparison is difficult. 

In Bangladesh, for instance, “white jute” and “tossa Jute” are divided into six (6) “export” classes (Special, A, B, C, D, and E).  “Bangla white special” and “Bangla tossa special” are the highest grades of Bangladesh jute.  They are of the finest texture, very strong and with high luster.  They are free of defects, well hackled and clean cut.  The lower grades of jute are weather and coarser and with bark and specks.

In India there is only one grading system.  The grading and classification of jute are still carried out subjectively by hand and eye.  The Bangladesh Standards and testing Institute (BSTI) Dhaka, Bangladesh, and the Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) New Delhi, India are government authorities for developing standards.

Jute is mainly cultivated in India, Bangladesh, China, Nepal, Thailand, Indonesia and a few other South-East Asian countries.

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